Magazine article Clinical Psychiatry News

Selective Vitamin Supplementation May Improve Cognitive Functions

Magazine article Clinical Psychiatry News

Selective Vitamin Supplementation May Improve Cognitive Functions

Article excerpt

WASHINGTON -- Supplementation with vitamins [B.sub.6] and [B.sub.12] and folate in younger to middle-aged adults improves motor speed and sequencing ability on neuropsychological tests, according to the results of a randomized, double-blind trial.

In older adults, low levels of vitamins [B.sub.6], vitamin [B.sub.12], and folate have been associated with poorer performance on tests of neuropsychological functioning. Dietary supplementation with these nutrients has been shown to improve cognitive functioning in such individuals. Many of these studies did not collect blood samples to confirm the concentration of these vitamins and have used a wide variety of tests that measured cognition globally or at a more specific level.

No previous studies have assessed whether supplementation with these vitamins can improve cognitive functioning in young to middle-aged adults who have normal levels of the nutrients, Meghan D. M. Fondow said at the annual meeting of the Society of Behavioral Medicine.

Ms. Fondow and her colleagues randomized 33 individuals to receive vitamin supplementation and 27 to receive placebo. …

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