Magazine article Diverse Issues in Higher Education

'Tomb Raiders': Yale's Ultra-Secret Skull and Bones Society Is Believed to Possess the Skull of Legendary Apache Chief Geronimo

Magazine article Diverse Issues in Higher Education

'Tomb Raiders': Yale's Ultra-Secret Skull and Bones Society Is Believed to Possess the Skull of Legendary Apache Chief Geronimo

Article excerpt

The skull of the legendary Chiricahua Apache chief Geronimo may languish in a display case at Yale University. Rumors have swirled for years that the remains are located in the "Tomb" the headquarters of the ultra-secret Skull and Bones Society.

The 175-year-old Skull and Bones is perhaps the most recognizable of Yale's secret societies. Conspiracy theorists have depicted the society as a training ground to turn the country's social elite into world leaders. Each year, 15 seniors are "tapped" for admission into the society. There are about 800 "Bonesmen" alive today. In a famous 1977 Esquire article, Yale alum Ron Rosenbaum wrote that the mission of Skull and Bones was "converting the idle progeny of the ruling class into morally serious leaders of the establishment"

Indeed, some of the most powerful men in the world have been Bonesmen, including both President Bushes. George H.W. Bush's father, former U.S. Senator Prescott Bush, was also a member. It's this Bush who figures prominently in the Geronimo story.

The most credible account of the Bonesmen's connection to Geronimo is supported by a newly discovered 1918 letter written by society member Winter Mead to fellow Bonesman Trubee Davison. The letter details the theft of "the skull of the worthy Geronimo the terrible" from its tomb at Fort Sill, Okla., and declares that "the skull is now safe inside the Tomb together with his [Geronimo's] well worn femurs, bit and saddle horn."

Marc Wortman, a writer and former editor of Yale Alumni Magazine, found the letter last year in the university's Sterling Memorial Library archives while conducting research for a book on Yale's World War I aviators. In an article for the magazine, the library's chief archivist, Judith Schiff, says the letter "has a very strong likelihood of being true" Schiff, who has written extensively about Yale's history, notes that Bonesmen are required to be honest with fellow members about society affairs. At the very least, researchers agree that there is strong evidence to suggest that Bonesmen who were serving with Army volunteers at Fort Sill unearthed the remains of an American Indian and believed them to be those of Geronimo. Mead's letter names the Bonesmen involved in the theft, including Prescott Bush.

News of the possible connection first emerged in 1986, when Ned Anderson, then tribal chairman of the San Carlos Apache tribe in Arizona, was working to get Geronimo's remains repatriated from Fort Sill to the tribe's homeland. Geronimo died while a prisoner of war at the fort in 1909 and was buried there. He and his band of about 500 Chiricahua Apache were the last American Indians to resist the U.S. government's expansion into the Southwest. They ultimately surrendered in 1886 and spent the next 27 years imprisoned at the fort.

In 1986, Anderson received an anonymous letter from a self-identified Bonesman indicating that the society had the skull and was interested in returning it to the tribe. The letter included a photograph of what the Bonesman claimed was Geronimo's skull in a glass case. Anderson says that during an arranged meeting in New York City, Prescott Bush's son Jonathan Bush and other Bonesmen presented him with a glass case containing what appeared to be the skull of a child. Anderson declined to accept it, believing that it was not the same skull depicted in the photograph. He says Jonathan Bush also urged him to sign a document stating that Skull and Bones was not in possession of Geronimo's skull, but he refused. …

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