MIAMI -- The field of addiction medicine is preparing to take a major step to enhance its authority and expand its professional ranks.
The American Society of Addiction Medicine plans to form a certification board and seek official recognition from the American Board of Medical Specialties by the end of 2007, physicians said during a panel presentation at the society's annual conference.
Addiction medicine is self-designated as a specialty, "but we need acceptance from all medicine," ASAM President-Elect Dr. Michael M. Miller said, explaining the plan to offer ABMS-recognized certification in addiction medicine. "Patients need to know where to find a doctor who does this, to be assured this doctor has a full array of training and ... has passed an examination."
The anticipated American Board of Addiction Medicine is likely to involve an alliance with one or more of the existing ABMS specialty boards. Details about the board and its relationship with existing boards are being worked out. (See box.)
"There is no other way to do this than to work with psychiatry, internal medicine, family medicine, and other specialists," said Dr. Kevin Kunz, an addiction medicine specialist in Kona, Hawaii, and cochair of the ASAM Medical Specialty Action Group.
"The need for addiction medicine as a specialty is widely recognized," Dr. Kunz said. "The science is exploding, and new therapies are available--both biologic and behavioral," he said. Also, "better funding is possible. Policy makers are understanding that addiction is a disease and treatable."
As part of the effort, trauma surgeons and emergency physicians also may be consulted, said Dr. Miller, medical director of the NewStart Alcohol/Drug Treatment Program at Meriter Hospital, Madison, Wis. Dr. Miller recently stepped down as cochair of the action group.
A key goal is to expand addiction medicine training beyond addiction psychiatry, said Dr. R. Jeffrey Goldsmith, professor of clinical psychiatry at the University of Cincinnati. "We don't fill all our current addiction psychiatry spots. Psychiatry is not as enthusiastic as I would like," he said.
A total of 55 of the 116 total approved addiction psychiatry residency spots were filled in 2005-2006, according to data from the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education.
Most current ASAM members have board certification in an ABMS-recognized specialty, including 27% who are certified in psychiatry and 26% who are certified in primary care specialties (13% in family medicine, 12% in internal medicine, and 1% in pediatrics).
No specialty board represents addiction medicine, so the 4,162 physicians who have passed the ASAM's certification examination in addiction medicine cannot describe themselves as board certified in this field.
Board certification in addiction medicine "will give me more stature among my colleagues," said Dr. Mark L. Kraus, an internist whose group practice in Waterbury, Conn., is a referral center for patients with substance abuse disorders. He is a newly elected member of the ASAM board of directors.
"Every primary care physician has to know how to do screening and brief interventions," said Dr. David Lewis, an internist who is a professor of community health and medicine, and a professor of alcohol and addiction studies, at Brown University, Providence, R. …