Magazine article Europe-East

Esdp/kosovo : Eu Can Deploy Mission without New Un Resolution

Magazine article Europe-East

Esdp/kosovo : Eu Can Deploy Mission without New Un Resolution

Article excerpt

The European Union can deploy its ESDP mission in Kosovo in 2008 without a new United Nations Security Council resolution, conclude certain diplomatic circles in the EU and the UN. It remains to be seen, however, whether such a solution can be endorsed at political level.

A Security Council resolution represents the fast track for establishment of a security or civilian mission in a foreign country. Russian opposition, however, makes it very difficult in this case to pass such a resolution. The only feasible solution is therefore to base the deployment on UN Resolution 1244. That text, adopted by the Security Council on 10 June 1999 after the NATO strikes on Serbia, gives a mandate that is both broad enough and precise enough to allow deployment of a European force.

Resolution 1244 reiterates the UN's attachment to the "territorial integrity of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the other states of the region" and establishes a clear mandate: to carry out a "verifiable phased withdrawal from Kosovo of all military, police and paramilitary forces" to prevent their return and to facilitate a synchronized "deployment of the international security presence in Kosovo". The deployment of this international civil and security presence shall continue "unless the Security Council decides otherwise". In other words, to end the current international mission, a new Security Council resolution would be needed, requested by Russia, for example. Considering the Council's composition (see box), that seems impossible.

The international security presence "with substantial North Atlantic Treaty Organisation participation" has the task, among others, of "ensuring public safety and order until the international civil presence can take responsibility for this task," "conducting border monitoring duties" and "ensuring protection and freedom of movement" of the civil presence and of other international organisations. The international civil presence is tasked with "maintaining civil law and order, including establishing local police forces and, meanwhile, through the deployment of international police personnel to serve in Kosovo". …

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