Magazine article European Social Policy

Health : Commission Launches Consultation on Organ Donation

Magazine article European Social Policy

Health : Commission Launches Consultation on Organ Donation

Article excerpt

The European Commission has launched a new public health initiative with a view to combating both the shortage of organ donations in the EU and organ trafficking. It therefore opened a consultation on 27 June to identify the main problems encountered in organ donation and transplantation and to determine the extent to which measures might be taken at EU level to help member states solve these problems. The consultation will run until 15 September.

The Commission highlights the fact that across Europe there are huge disparities in the number of organ donors, ranging from 34.6 donors per million population (ppm) in Spain to 6 ppm in Greece and 0.5ppm in Romania, with around 40,000 patients in Europe currently on waiting lists for an organ donation. The Commission points out that the number of organ transplants has increased steadily since the 1950s. Transplantation began with kidneys, before moving onto livers and hearts. In 2005, 20,000 kidney and liver transplants were performed. Meanwhile, on average ten people die every day in Europe while waiting for an organ, and the mortality rate in patients waiting for a heart, liver or lung transplant is between 15% and 30%. The shortage of donors is also leading to an increase in the trafficking of human organs.

The Commission indicates that organ transplantation is now the most effective, and sometimes the only, treatment for end-stage renal, liver, lung and heart failure. However, it points out that there are few exchanges of organs between member states, and national requirements with regard to safety and quality procedures vary widely. …

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.