Magazine article Clinical Psychiatry News

Few Adults Follow Diabetes Lifestyle Recommendations

Magazine article Clinical Psychiatry News

Few Adults Follow Diabetes Lifestyle Recommendations

Article excerpt

CHICAGO -- Few adults with diabetes and prediabetes are adhering to American Diabetes Association nutrition and activity recommendations, and even fewer with undiagnosed diabetes are doing so.

After adjustment for age, gender, and race, a logistic regression analysis of 6,446 U.S. adults showed that only a small proportion of those with diabetes (40.2%), undiagnosed diabetes (31.5%), prediabetes (40.7%), and normal glucose (41.4%) were meeting at least three out of five American Diabetes Association (ADA) dietary recommendations.

Similarly, the proportion of adults reporting physical activity of 150 minutes or more per week was low at 19.6%, 24.6%, 21.4%, and 26.3%, respectively, Dr. Yiling J. Cheng of the division of diabetes translation at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and colleagues reported in a poster at the annual scientific sessions of the ADA.

The investigators analyzed self-reported dietary and physical activity information from adults aged 20-79 years in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2004 database.

The cohort included 1,333 adults with self-reported diagnosed diabetes, 180 with undiagnosed diabetes defined by a fasting glucose of 126 mg/dL or more, 1,459 adults with prediabetes defined by a fasting glucose between 110 and 125 mg/dL, and 3,474 adults with a normal fasting glucose of less than 100 mg/dL. The median age was 43 years; 62% were women, 72% were non-Hispanic white, 11% were black, and 13% were Hispanic. …

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