Magazine article World Health Report

Conclusions & Recommendations

Magazine article World Health Report

Conclusions & Recommendations

Article excerpt

It cannot be over-emphasized that a truly effective international preparedness and response coordination mechanism cannot be managed nationally. Global cooperation, collaboration and investment are necessary to ensure a safer future. This means a multisectoral approach to managing the problem of global disease that includes governments, industry, public and private financiers, academia, international organizations and civil society, all of whom have responsibilities for building global public health security.

In achieving the highest level of global public health security possible, it is important that each sector recognizes its global responsibility. The IHR (2005) mandate core capacities for countries and obligations for WHO. They do not oblige other sectors to act in accord. Nonetheless, the building of global public health security rests on a solid foundation of transparent and benevolent partnerships. In the spirit of such partnership, WHO urges all involved to acknowledge their roles and responsibilities for global public health security through the following recommendations:

1 Full implementation of IHR (2005) by all countries. The protection of national and global public health must be transparent in government affairs, be seen as a cross-cutting issue and as a crucial element integrated into economic and social policies and systems.

2 Global cooperation in surveillance and outbreak alert and response between governments, United Nations agencies, private sector industries and organizations, professional associations, academia, media agencies and civil society, building particularly on the eradication of polio to create an effective and comprehensive surveillance and response infrastructure.

3 Open sharing of knowledge, technologies and materials, including viruses and other laboratory samples, necessary to optimize secure global public health. The struggle for global public health security will be lost if vaccines, treatment regimens, and facilities and diagnostics are available only to the wealthy.

4 Global responsibility for capacity building within the public health infrastructure of all countries. National systems must be strengthened to anticipate and predict hazards effectively both at the international and national levels and to allow for effective preparedness strategies. …

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