Magazine article Marketing

Mark Ritson on Branding: Calvin Klein's Renaissance

Magazine article Marketing

Mark Ritson on Branding: Calvin Klein's Renaissance

Article excerpt

A dual change of owner and creative director has ended an era of poor placement and overlicensing.

Last week Mark Ritson charted the rise and fall of Calvin Klein. This week he looks at the brand's revival under the ownership of PVH.

At the start of the new century, Calvin Klein was struggling Superficially, the brand appeared to be healthy, with strong revenues coming from the brand's presence in more than 40 categories. But the reality was a brand that had lost much of its equity because its consumers had encountered it in inconsistent brand extensions, at too many price points, in contradictory retail locations.

However, help was on the horizon. In 2002 Calvin Klein was bought by PVH, a fashion conglomerate that also owned brands such as Van Heusen and Kenneth Cole. Over the past five years this great brand has been slowly, but effectively, rehabilitated by PVH's assiduous application of classic brand management principles.

First, it bought back the bad licensees. Calvin Klein will always be a brand that makes most of its revenue through licensing - but there are good licences and bad ones. PVH bought out those that directly damaged the status of the brand. In the past, for example, the company had relied on a licensee to produce its high-end Calvin Klein Collection, but the Italian company repeatedly delivered the merchandise late, often with uneven quality levels. PVH regained control of the production in 2007 and expanded its manufacturing team in New York to enable its own people to produce more of what was selling faster and more efficiently. It was a lesson learned from Burberry 10 years earlier, which also reined in, but did not eliminate, its licensees.

Second, a new creator was installed at the heart of the house in 2003. Calvin Klein, now in his 60s, was asked to handpick a successor. He chose 34-year-old Brazilian Francisco Costa. Although it seems to contradict the brand's ideals, Klein was no longer the creative force he once was. A fresh impetus at the heart of the brand was the only way to get the blood pumping again, as happened when Louis Vuitton recruited Marc Jacobs as creative director a decade ago. The young downtown designer helped to bring constant rejuvenation to the iconic French brand through his collections.

Third, after initially closing down the Calvin Klein Collection outlets, PVH began to open new ones. …

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