Magazine article History Today

Death of Geronimo: Feb 17 1909

Magazine article History Today

Death of Geronimo: Feb 17 1909

Article excerpt

In his final days, the last of the great Apache war chiefs was a celebrity. He went to the World's Fair in St Louis and other public events, where he was an exhibit himself, attended President Theodore Roosevelt's inauguration in 1905 and dictated his autobiography.

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Geronimo was born in the 1820s among the Chiricahua Apache in what was then Mexico and named One Who Yawns. In 1851, his mother, wife and children were killed in a sudden Mexican attack. He hated Mexicans ever afterwards, killed a good many and would become revered as a war shaman with apparently supernatural powers. However, the Treaty of Guadaloupe Hidalgo had transferred New Mexico and California to the United States, which put even more pressure on the Apache from white settlers.

Geronimo spent years fighting to stay out of the reservations established by the United States. In the 1870s the Chiricahua were sent to the San Carlos reservation in Arizona. …

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