According to the National Golf Foundation, the number of golfers in the United States more than doubled between 1970 and 1991, to 24.7 million players. Most U.S. golfers (80 percent) play at least 50 percent of their rounds on public courses (Schroeder, 1991). The popularity of golf is clearly on the rise, with increasing interest by women and by youth and teens. This is due, in part, to increased media attention given to women golfers, and to the recent notoriety gained by younger players, such as Tiger Woods, who has taken the golf world by storm.
One of the Fastest Growing Sports Among the Physically Challenged
The development of golf as a sport is reaching new heights, but one of golf's greatest stories is what is happening with the disabled. Golf is one of the fastest growing sports among the physically challenged because it places as much emphasis on the mental as the physical aspects of the game. In addition, golf is one of the few sports where a player with a disability competes on the same playing field as unimpaired golfers. Other sports--such as basketball, football and bowling--have structured leagues for competition, but golf is unique in that everyone competes against the same foe...the golf course. That "level" playing field, say many golfers with disabilities, is what attracts them to the sport.
In the 1950s, the idea of someone playing golf in a wheelchair was almost unheard of. But now the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) ensures all people access to public facilities, which includes municipal golf courses. That has flung the door wide open for the estimated 49 million Americans in the United States with some form of physical disability (U.S. Census Bureau, 1990). Of this group, only two to three million participate in some form of organized physical or social activity.
By becoming physically active, people with disabilities can increase mobility, self-confidence, independence and productivity. Studies have shown that physically challenged people participating in a sports and recreation programs tend to lead healthier lives with fewer doctors visits and hospitalizations.
National Groups and Associations
Helping thousands of the disabled enjoy the unique pleasure of hitting a golf ball are several national groups (see Figure 1), the oldest of which is the National Amputee Golf Association (NAGA). A1most 50 years ago a small group of World War II amputees recognized the importance that participation in the sport of golf played in their own rehabilitation. Believing that participation in physical activity could also benefit others, they formed an organization to promote and offer physical and mental therapy to amputees through involvement with golf. NAGA now boasts over 3,500 members and sponsors over 30 regional and national golf tournaments each year.
Figure 1. Associations and Groups That Focus on Golfers with Disabilities
Association of Disabled American Golfers (ADAG) 7700 E Arapahoe Road, Suite 350 Englewood, CO 80112 Phone: (303) 220-0921
National Amputee Golf Association (NAGA) P.O. Box 1228 Amherst, NH 03031 Phone: 800 633-6242 e-mail: NAGAOFFICE@aol.com
National Handicapped Sports and Recreation Association (NHSRA) 1145 19th Street, NW Suite 717 Washington, DC 20036
Physically Limited Golfers Association (PLGA) 701 N. 6th Avenue East Duluth, MN 55805
Special Olympics International Golf Director: Selden Fritschner 1350 New York Avenue, NW #500 Washington, DC 20005 Phone: (202) 623-3630
United States Blind Golfers Association (USBGA) 3094 Shamrock Street North Tallahassee, FL 32308 Phone: (904)393-4511
The Access Board Phone: (202) 272-5434
Other national organizations supportive of golfers with disabilities include: the Association of Disabled American Golfers, founded in 1992; the National Handicapped Sports and Recreation Association; Physically Limited Golfers Association; the United States Blind Golfers Association; Special Olympics International; and the Access Board. …