Magazine article New African

Pax Africana 2: Part One of "Pax Africana" (Last Month) Linked Our Increasing Loss of Sovereignty to the Lack of Peace and Stability in Africa. but It Was Not like That at the Beginning-The System of Settling Disputes through Arbitration/final Judgement Is as Old as Time in Africa

Magazine article New African

Pax Africana 2: Part One of "Pax Africana" (Last Month) Linked Our Increasing Loss of Sovereignty to the Lack of Peace and Stability in Africa. but It Was Not like That at the Beginning-The System of Settling Disputes through Arbitration/final Judgement Is as Old as Time in Africa

Article excerpt

Those who enjoy full sovereignty and internal peace have not solved the problem of conflict (since there is always conflict), rather they have put in place effective systems of arbitration or final judgement to settle all disputes. This system of settling disputes through arbitration/final judgement is as old as time in Africa. It is at the heart of the oldest written story about conflict resolution in the world--the story of how peace came to the warring nephew and uncle duo, Horus and Seth in Ancient Egypt. At stake was the usual issue of power and who would rule.

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The story unfolds with the formation of the world when the initial nine building blocks of creation--the "Grand Ennead"--were formed. The first building block, Atum, self-created itself from the void to give birth to male and female twins Shu (light) and Tefnut (moisture). They in turn gave birth to their children, the next twins Geb (earth) and Nut (sky). The union of Geb and Nut produced the first human family. The eldest, Osiris, is followed by Isis, Seth, and Nephthys.

The drama involving these four humans is arguably the first documented love story and tale of reconciliation. One version contained in the Shabaka Text tells of how Osiris, after marrying Isis, his sister, becomes pharaoh of Egypt. Jealousy consumes his younger brother, Seth, married to Nephthys. Seth eventually murders Osiris, cuts his body into 14 pieces, and scatters the pieces all over Egypt. Seth then becomes pharaoh.

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A distraught lsis, with the help of her sister, Nephthys, goes in search of the pieces of her beloved husband. She finds the discarded remains and reassembles Osiris' body, thus creating the first mummy. Osiris' mummy is resurrected for one night and Isis sleeps with him, conceiving a son, Horus, who is raised secretly in the marshes of the Nile to hide him from a vengeful Seth, now seeing a threat to his throne.

Seth is right to be worried. When Horus comes of age, he sets out to avenge his father and fight for his throne. Horus and his uncle battle for 80 years, the wars going back and forth, until finally, the "Grand Ennead" are called in council to settle the dispute. …

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