Magazine article Clinical Psychiatry News

Certain Psychiatric Disorders Drive Alcohol Dependence

Magazine article Clinical Psychiatry News

Certain Psychiatric Disorders Drive Alcohol Dependence

Article excerpt

SAN DIECO -- Mood or anxiety disorders, drug dependence, and nicotine dependence that co-occur with alcohol dependence can have negative effects on the long-term persistence of alcohol dependence.

Those are key conclusions from a 3-year follow-up of data from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC).

"The effects of specific co-occurring psychiatric disorders on the persistence of alcohol problems are not well understood," Sharon Samet, Ph.D., and Deborah Hasin, Ph.D., of the department of psychiatry at Columbia University, New York, and the New York State Psychiatric Institute, reported in a poster presented at the annual scientific conference of the Research Society on Alcoholism.

"In patient samples, major depression is associated with greater risk for relapse to drinking and to alcohol dependence following treatment," they wrote.

"Patient samples provide important information about individuals in alcohol treatment, but these samples represent a small proportion of the total number of individuals with alcohol dependence. The present study uses general population data."

Dr. Samet and Dr. Hasin evaluated data from a nationally representative sample of adults who were interviewed in 2001-2002 for NESARC Wave 1 and re-interviewed in 2004-2005 for NESARC Wave 2. They used the Alcohol Use Disorder and Associated Disabilities Interview Schedule-DSM-IV (AUDADIS-IV) to diagnose DSM-IV alcohol dependence and other psychiatric disorders. …

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