Magazine article Economic Review

Milk from Soyabean

Magazine article Economic Review

Milk from Soyabean

Article excerpt

According to a Survey Report by an organization it is feared that if suitable measures are not taken to avert the situation Pakistan is likely to face acute shortage of milk by the year 2005. It has been estimated that at present Pakistan produces more than 20 million tonnes of Milk annually and its availability is about the 14 million tonnes.

Milk and milk produce from an integrate and an important part of human diet and provide substantial percentage of protein, energy vitamins and minerals. Nearly one third of world's intake of animal protein is derived from milk and milk products. The importance of the dairy industry to the national economy can be judged from the fact that milk is bigger item of consumption, than wheat, rice, cotton and sugar cane.

Unfortunately Pakistan is spending a huge amount of money every year on the import of milk and milk products. Though Pakistan is blessed with vast milk resources and according to livestock, division at present in the country per capital production is about 130 kg per annum. The offtake per human consumption is about 100 kgs per capita per year which is the highest among the Asian countries. Due to lack of storage and transport facilities a good portion is converted into the KHOA, Ghee and curd the rest remains available as fresh milk.

It is said that milk requirements growing at a rate of 6% per annum whereas the milk production increasing only about 3% per annum. According to National Advisory Committee a balanced diet, among other food items, minimum of 10 ounces of milk daily for adults and 15-25 ounces for children and infants as against 8 oz available per day per person in the country.

Several methods have been suggested so far to improve the situation relating to milk production in the country, but none has been practiced on a large scale. Most of the milk plants could not run successfully and that collection of milk is difficult and does not reach in good condition due to non-availability of refrigeration system.

Soya Milk

Soyabean ranks high among the legumeous crops of the world in its nutritive value. The Soya Bean seed varies in size, shape and colour from pale or straw yellow to jet black covering about 1500 varieties. Soyabean is grown mainly as a food crop in China, Manchuria, Japan, and other countries of East and South East Asia. At present USA has been the biggest producer of Soyabean in the world. It is also cultivated in several other countries, viz, Canada, Brazil, Argentine, USSR, Germany and Romania.

                                       Soyabean          Cow's
Nutrients                               Milk              Milk

Total Sold (g)                         10.55             13.44
Protein (Nx6.25)                        4.2               3.2
Fat (g)                                 3.4               3.9
Carbohydrates (g)                       3.2               4.6
Ash (g)                                 0.75              0.74
Calcium (g)                             0.08              0.11
Phosphorus (g)                          0.10              0.07
Iron (mg)                               1.2               0.2

Vitamin Content Per Litre

Thiamine (mg)                           0.82             0.45
Riboflavin (mg)                         1.10             1.70
Nicotinic Acid (mg)                     2.49             1.26
Ascorbic Acid (mg)                     21.6             15.9
Vitamin A (I.U.) as Provitamins.       750              1500

The production of Soyabean is limited to about 7000 to 8000 tonnes, per annum and it is steadily growing in Pakistan. Soyabean plays a unique role and important role in Agriculture Commerce, Industry and Nutrition. For centuries, it has been the most important source of dietary protein of millions of people in the orients, contributing a valuable supplement to their diets. …

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