Magazine article The Middle East

This Month in History

Magazine article The Middle East

This Month in History

Article excerpt


On 24 October 1945, the United Nations Organisation was born. It was formally inaugurated during a short ceremony at the US State Department in Washington. A total of 29 countries ratified the United Nations Charter that was signed by 50 nations on 26 June in San Francisco. US Secretary of State James Byrnes signed the protocol and proclaimed the charter was "now a part of the law of nations", saying that it was a historical day for peace-loving nations of the world.


On 1 October 1970, mourners in Cairo were killed as Nasser was buried. Millions of people crowded onto the streets for President Abdel Nasser's funeral. As the president's bier passed through the capital, the sheer weight of numbers of grief-stricken Egyptians disrupted the procession. Authorities then drove the coffin in haste to its final resting place at Manshiet El Bakry mosque, now to be known as Gamal Abdel Nasser mosque, and completed the burial ceremony three hours ahead of schedule.


On 6 October 1981, Egypt's President Anwar Sadat was assassinated. He died after being shot by gunmen who opened fire as he watched an aerial display at a military parade. A number of other dignitaries including foreign diplomats were killed or seriously wounded. The Egyptian authorities declared a state of emergency. President Sadat was attending the eighth anniversary of the Yom Kippur war with Israel as Field Marshal of the armed forces.


On 14 October 1994, Israelis and Arafat shared the Nobel peace prize. …

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