Magazine article Black History Bulletin

How to Design Culturally Responsive Lesson Plans: A Guide for Pre-Service Teachers

Magazine article Black History Bulletin

How to Design Culturally Responsive Lesson Plans: A Guide for Pre-Service Teachers

Article excerpt

Connections to Teacher Preparation

Due to the underrepresentation of the historical achievements of African Americans within the current educational system, it is necessary for pre-service teachers to understand the principles underpinning culturally responsive pedagogy and understand how to develop a classroom environment and construct lessons that are sensitive and responsive to children who come from diverse cultures.

Goals of the Lesson

Pre-service teachers will learn how to develop culturally responsive lesson plans by incorporating standards, textbooks, and other ancillary materials such as The Mis-Education of the Negro by Dr. Carter G. Woodson and the Study Guide to The Mis-Education of the Negro (available online at http://www.asalh.org/files/Miseducation_Study_Guide.pdf). The authors of the study guide, Spencer et al., seek to keep the lessons of Carter G. Woodson's seminal book alive and relevant for 21st-century educators. The authors state that one of Woodson's underlying themes is "If you distort a people's history, you will eventually distort a people's future." They believe that Woodson's message can help to remedy cultural inequities today, including "impoverished Black communities, inadequate schools, and poor job opportunities." The authors challenge educators to form an appropriate response to these issues in their teaching in order to ensure that African American students are fairly represented at all levels of education by utilizing culturally responsive pedagogy within all teaching methodologies and strategies.

Objective

Pre-service teachers will select a lesson that they have already prepared or create a new lesson. They will then use the following criteria to analyze, revise, or create their lesson to ensure it is based on culturally responsive pedagogical principles.

National Council for Social Studies (NCSS) Standards

Culture and Cultural Diversity

* Assist learners to understand and apply the concept of culture as an integrated whole that governs the functions and interaction of language, literature, arts, traditions, beliefs, values, and behavior patterns.

* Enable learners to analyze and explain how groups, societies, and cultures address human needs and concerns

* Have learners interpret patterns of behavior as reflecting values and attitudes, which contribute to or post obstacles to cross--cultural understanding.

History

* Guide learners in acquiring knowledge of the history and values of diverse civilizations throughout the world including those of the West, and in comparing patterns of continuity and change in different parts of the world.

Foundations of Education

* Read The Mis-Education of the Negro

* Read the Study Guide to the Mis-Education of the Negro

Chapter Summaries from the Study Guide to the Mis-Education of the Negro

Chapter 3--How We Drifted Away from the Truth

Chapter Summary: Woodson argues that whether in science, history, or literature, Whites have been taught that their cultural contributions to American society were superior to those of Blacks. This type of teaching, he believes, has built "in Whites a race bate of the Negro, and in the Negroes contempt for themselves." This is one of the main themes of Woodson's book: If you distort a people's history, you will eventually distort a people's future. The perpetuation of inaccuracies in the historical record, which elevated European culture and denigrated that of Africans, was a grave injustice in Woodson's view.

Chapter 4--Education under Outside Control

Chapter Summary: There is a direct link between the type of education and training you receive and your future work or career. Your ability to make a living, care for a family, and contribute to your community are all heavily determined by the educational opportunities made available to you, and how well you make use of these opportunities. …

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