Magazine article Clinical Psychiatry News

Regular Bedtimes Linked to Better Developmental Outcomes

Magazine article Clinical Psychiatry News

Regular Bedtimes Linked to Better Developmental Outcomes

Article excerpt

SAN ANTONIO -- Parental emphasis on a consistent bedtime emerged as the strongest predictor of favorable developmental outcomes at 4 years of age in an 8,000-child study.

"Getting parents to set bedtime routines can be an important way to make a significant impact on children's emergent literacy and language skills. Pediatricians can easily promote regular bedtimes with parents and children, behaviors which in turn lead to healthy sleep," Erika E. Gaylor, Ph.D., said at the meeting.

Preschoolers who averaged fewer than the 1112 hours of total sleep per 24-hour cycle, recommended in guidelines by the American Academy of Sleep Medicine and other major groups, had significantly lower test scores on language, early math, and literacy skills, reported Dr. Gaylor, an early childhood researcher at SRI International, an independent, nonprofit research and development organization based in Menlo Park, Calif.

Of note, the average nighttime sleep duration of the preschoolers included in this analysis from the landmark Department of Education-sponsored Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort was 10.5 hours. And since other studies have shown only one-quarter of 4-year-olds still take a daytime nap, that means most U.S. preschoolers are getting 12 fewer hours of sleep per 24 hours than recommended.

The analysis was based on a nationally representative sample comprising 8,000 children who underwent standardized, structured assessments of cognition, attention, and emotional development at age 4 years, along with parental phone interviews conducted when the children were aged 9 months and again at 4 years. …

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.