Magazine article Clinical Psychiatry News

Survey: 20% of U.S. Adults Report Mental Illness

Magazine article Clinical Psychiatry News

Survey: 20% of U.S. Adults Report Mental Illness

Article excerpt

FROM A REPORT ISSUED BY THESUBSTANCE ABUSE AND MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES ADMINISTRATION

In 2010, an estimated 20% of adults aged 18 years and older in the United States - almost 46 million adults -had experienced "any mental illness" in the past year, with those aged 18-25 years, women, and the unemployed among the groups most affected, according to the report.

A "relatively high" prevalence rate of mental illness during the previous year, a strong association between mental illness during the previous year and sub stance abuse, as well as a "substantial unmet need" for mental health care during the previous year are among the key findings, the report concluded.

The report also found that that 8% of adolescents aged 12-17 years (almost 2 million individuals) had experienced a major depressive episode in the past year, and that illicit drug use was more than twofold greater among these adolescents than among those who had not used illicit drugs (37% vs. 18%). In addition, 12% of people in this age group (almost 3 million individuals) had received treatment or counseling for emotional or behavioral problems in an inpatient or outpatient mental health setting. "Feeling depressed" was the most common reason for using these services, in almost 50% of cases, the report said.

The SAMHSA report defined "any mental illness" as having had, at the current time or at any time during the past year, "a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder (excluding developmental and substance use disorders) of sufficient duration to meet diagnostic criteria" specified in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), regardless of functional impairment. The 20% figure in adults was similar to the rate of the previous year. Nearly 30% of the adults aged 18-25 years and 22% of those aged 26-49 years had had a mental illness in the past year, compared with 14% of those aged 50 years and older. Unemployed people were also more likely to have had a mental illness over the past year (28%), compared with people who worked full-time (17%) or part-time (23%).

The rate of "serious mental illness" -which was defined the same way as "any mental illness," but one that was "of sufficient duration" to meet diagnostic DSM-IV criteria and had "resulted in serious functional impairment, which substantially interferes with or limits one or more major life activities" - followed a similar pattern.

An estimated 5% of adults aged 18 years and older (about 11.4 million adults) had had a serious mental illness, similar to the rate of the previous year. …

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