Magazine article New African

Uganda at Fifty: On 9 October, Uganda Will Be 50 Years Old as an Independent Country. A Series of Activities Has Been Lined Up by the Government to Celebrate in Grand Style

Magazine article New African

Uganda at Fifty: On 9 October, Uganda Will Be 50 Years Old as an Independent Country. A Series of Activities Has Been Lined Up by the Government to Celebrate in Grand Style

Article excerpt

Uganda fact file

Location: East-Central Africa, west of Kenya, east of DRCongo. Uganda is a landlocked, fertile, well-watered country with many lakes and rivers.

Area: 241,038 sq km (93,072 sq miles). Land area 197,100 sq km; water 43,938 sq km (this includes half of the total surface area of Lake Victoria). By landmass, Uganda is the 8ist largest country in the world. Terrain: arable land 27.9%, permanent cropland 11.2%, forest 17.5%.

Climate: Tropical, generally rainy with two dry seasons (December to February, June to August).

Capital: Kampala. Other cities and large towns: Gulu, Lira, Jinja, Kasese, Mbarara, Mbale.

Independence: 9 October 1962.

Telephone: Country code 256.

Time: 3 hours ahead of GMT.

President: Yoweri Kaguta Museveni, in power since 29 January 1986--re-elected 2001, 2006, 2011. Vice President: Edward Ssekandi. Prime Minister: Amama Mbabazi. The president is elected by popular vote for a 5-year term.

Population: 35.8 million (July 2012 estimate). Annual population growth rate: 3.58%, the 4th highest in the world. Age structure: 0-14 years 49.9%, 15-64 years 48.1%, 65 years and over 2.1%.

Life expectancy: 53 years.

Ethnic groups: Baganda 17%, Banyakole and Bahima 10%, Basoga 8%, Bakiga 7%, Banyarwanda 6%, Iteso 6%, Langi 6%, Acholi 5%. Bagisu 5%, Lugbara 4%, Karamojong 2%, Bunyoro 3%, Batoro 3%. Others 18% (2002 census). Asians made up the largest non-indigenous ethnic group until 1972 when Idi Amin's government expelled 50,000 Asians who were engaged in trade, industry and various professions. The Asians have returned in the last decade but their population has yet to reach the pre-1972 level.

Languages: English is the official language, but Ganda or Luganda is the most widely spoken local language. …

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