Magazine article The Elementary STEM Journal

Social Sciences

Magazine article The Elementary STEM Journal

Social Sciences

Article excerpt

The number of occupations related to the Social Sciences is extensive to say the least, and many of them require a degree of technological literacy and grounding in STEM. Careers range from archeology and anthropology through social work and social services. Employment in this field requires a diverse educational background and the ability to work closely with people. Field work, clinical work, laboratory investigations, and psychological profiling are all part of the interesting career opportunities available in the social sciences where a solid foundation in the STEM disciplines--including technology and engineering--is of benefit.

anthropologist/ archeologist: $60,000

Careers In anthropology and archeology require the ability to work In the field, sometimes under harsh conditions. People In these fields study the past and present origins, development, habits, languages, and behavior of humans. Most significantly, archeologists and anthropologists study the making of culture though the physical artifacts, texts, and languages that the people use or have left behind, Including technologies. Their Inquiries require the use of knowledge from the humanities and the social, physical, and biological sciences. Field work requires the ability to carefully excavate buried artifacts. Their laboratories are filed with modern scientific and technological equipment that helps them crack the code of the past. GIS also plays an Important role in the study of humanity and its origins and present trends. Anthropologists and archeologists usually work at universities and require a Ph.D. to gain employment. Many museums employ an archeologist or anthropologist to curate their collections.

criminologist: $45,000

A criminologist studies the causes for crime. They create profiles of the trends that create criminals and those who are Involved In other Illegal acts. Criminologists work closely with police departments, and are famously portrayed on TV as working closely with the FBI Investigators and forensic scientists. A criminologist must have a solid educational background In human behavior and social theory, but also in how to apply science, technology, engineering, and mathematics to uncover the mysteries of crimes. Generally, they will have degrees in Sociology and/or Psychology and Justice Studies.

geographer: $74,000

Geographers study the Earth and its physical features. They analyze the Impact that these features have on humans. A main Interest of the geographer is to understand the relationship of culture systems with geography. Geographers must travel frequently because they often have to study many cultures to make comparisons among these groups. They engage in developing surveys and Interviewing people to understand how geography affects people and cultures. Geographers also use statistical methods to help them understand trends within different social groups. This information is usually presented in the form of charts, maps, journal articles, and other graphic representations. The geographer must be technologically literate because he or she must use tools like GIS, remote sensing, and global positioning systems to assist them with their studies. "... a geographer can overlay aerial or satellite images with GIS data, such as population density In a given region, and create computerized maps. They then use the results to advise governments, businesses, and the general public on a variety of issues, such as marketing strategies; planning homes, roads, and landfills; or disaster responses" (Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2013b). Geographers are usually trained in geography, but also must have the ability to use GIS systems. A bachelor's degree is the first step to making geography a career. However, advancement in this field requires a master's degree and a Ph.D. Students need to have strong backgrounds in physical and human geography, statistics, or mathematics.

historian: $58,000

Historians research, analyze, interpret, and present the past by studying a variety of historical documents and sources (Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2013b). …

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