* African-Americans make up 13.1% of the total US population of 313,914,040 (2012 estimate).
Racial disparities in incarceration
* African-Americans now constitute nearly one million of the total 2.3 million US prison population.
* African-Americans are incarcerated at nearly six times the rate of whites.
* Together, in 2008. African-Americans and Hispanics comprised 58% of all prisoners in the USA, even though African-Americans and Hispanics make up approximately 25% of the US population.
* According to the report. Unlocking America, if African-Americans and Hispanics were incarcerated at the same rates as whites, today's prison and jail (remand) populations would decline by approximately 50%.
* One in six African-American men had been incarcerated by 2001. If current trends continue, 1 in 3 African-American males born today can expect to spend time in prison during his lifetime.
* One in 100 African-American women are in prison.
* Nationwide, African-Americans represent 26% of juvenile arrests, 44% of the youth who are detained, 46% of the youth who are judicially waived to criminal court, and 58% of the youth admitted to state prisons, according to the Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice.
Drug se-fencing disparities
* 14 million whites and 2.6 million African-Americans report using an illicit drug. It means 5 times as many whites are using drugs as African-Americans, yet African-Americans are sent to prison for drug offences at 10 times the rate of whites.
* African-Americans represent 12% of the total population of drug users, but 38% of those arrested for drug offences, and 59% of those in state prisons for a drug offence.
* African-Americans serve virtually as much time in prison for a drug offence (58.7 months) as whites do for a violent offence (61.7 months), according to the NGO, Sentencing Project.
From the NAACP Criminal Justice Fact Sheet
* An analysis of 297 DNA exonerations reveals minorities make up approximately 70% of those proven innocent through DNA testing. Similarly, African-Americans represent the vast majority of these exonerations - 63% of those exonerated by DNA testing.
* Despite numerous studies depicting similar levels of participation by whites, African-Americans, and Hispanics in non-violent crimes (notably around drugs, weapon possession and speeding), Bureau of Justice statistics show that minorities are arrested and incarcerated at higher rates for these crimes. …