Magazine article The Nation's Health

Chikungunya Arrives in US: First Locally Acquired Cases in Florida

Magazine article The Nation's Health

Chikungunya Arrives in US: First Locally Acquired Cases in Florida

Article excerpt

Florida is home to the first locally acquired cases of chikungunya fever, a mosquito-borne disease that had previously only been diagnosed in travelers visiting or returning to the U.S.

In mid-July, the Florida Department of Health confirmed the first two cases of chikungunya that were acquired locally in Miami-Dade County and Palm Beach County.

The cases are thought to be the first time a mosquito within the continental U.S. infected a nontraveler with the virus. The chikungunya virus is transmitted via the Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes, both of which are found in the U.S. Aedes albopictus is also found in the Northeast, Mid-Atlantic and the lower Midwest. Those infected typically experience fever and joint pain, as well as muscle aches, headache, joint swelling or rash. While life-threatening complications are not common, infected people may experience persistent joint pain.

"The arrival of chikungunya virus ... underscores the risks posed by this and other exotic pathogens," said Roger Nasci, PhD, chief of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Arboviral Diseases Branch. "This emphasizes the importance of CDC's health security initiatives designed to maintain effective surveillance networks, diagnostic laboratories and mosquito control programs both in the United States and around the world."

From 2006 to 2013, an average of 28 people per year in the U.S. tested positive for chikungunya infection and all were travelers visiting or returning from affected areas, primarily in Asia, according to CDC. …

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.