Magazine article America in WWII

July-August 1944

Magazine article America in WWII

July-August 1944

Article excerpt

July 1 Looking ahead to better times, representatives of 44 countries open a three-week conference at Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, to plan a postwar international monetary fund. July 2 Off New Guinea's northwest coast, US and Australian troops sweep onto tiny Noemfoor Island, home to Japanese airfields, virtually unopposed. July 3 Soviet troops recapture Minsk--the German army's last major stronghold in the USSR--after 10 days' fighting. July 9 Entering the French port city of Caen after a month of hard fighting, Allied troops find it wrecked. July 9 American forces choke off Japanese resistance on Saipan, ending the first phase of the Mariana Islands campaign in the Central Pacific. July 11 In Washington, DC, President Franklin Roosevelt announces he will seek a fourth term--an unprecedented move that will prompt ratification of the 22nd Amendment (limiting presidents to two terms) six years later. July 20 Four German officers die when Colonel Count Claus von Stauffenberg's explosives-filled briefcase destroys a conference room in Adolf Hitler's Wolf's Lair headquarters in Rastenburg, East Prussia. Stauffenberg's plot to overthrow the Fiihrer's government is crushed when Hitler escapes with minor wounds. July 21 Storming ashore on two beaches, the US Marines' 111 Amphibious Corps opens the campaign for Guam in the Marianas. July 24 Soviet troops capture a German death camp at Majdanek, Poland--the first major extermination camp to be liberated by the Allies. …

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