Magazine article America in WWII

March-April 1945

Magazine article America in WWII

March-April 1945

Article excerpt

March 4 Nearly five months after General Douglas MacArthur's return to the Philippines, American troops secure war-ravaged Manila. March 6 In a futile bid to drive Soviet forces from Budapest, Hungary, German Chancellor Adolf Hitler launches Operation Spring Awakening. German forces advance toward the city from the south and southeast. March 7 US First Army troops seize the undefended Ludendorff railway bridge at Remagen, Germany, and cross the Rhine River. March 8-9 Supply-hungry German troops stationed on the Channel Islands between England and France raid Granville, on France's Cotentin Peninsula. March 9-10 American incendiary bombs ignite a firestorm that kills at least 80,000 civilians in Tokyo. March 14 In a strike on Germany's Bielefeld Viaduct, a British Lancaster bomber drops the largest bomb used thus far in the war, the 22,000-pound Grand Slam. March 15 A US Navy flotilla hammers Japanese installations on Matsuwa in the Kurile Islands. March 21 Targeting the Shellhus (Shell house), a Gestapo headquarters in occupied Copenhagen, Denmark, British bombers accidentally strike a school, killing 123 civilians--including 87 children. March 26 On northern Iwo Jima, Japanese diehards launch one last banzai attack. The ensuing slaughter caps a nightmarish five-week campaign that leaves some 6,800 marines and virtually the entire, 21,000-man Japanese garrison dead. April 1 American forces invade Okinawa. April 7 While waves of kamikazes hurl themselves at US ships off Okinawa (34 of which they will eventually sink), the mammoth Japanese battleship Yamato steams south in support. …

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