Magazine article Geographical

Gender Inequality

Magazine article Geographical

Gender Inequality

Article excerpt

The unequal treatment of individuals based on their gender is a deeply rooted problem in most societies. It started becoming an important part of academic research in the 1980s. The issue of gender inequality also became, in various measures, part of the Human Development Index (HDD, the annual report by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), and was eventually integrated as the Gender Inequality Index (GID in the 2010 report. It is designed to measure the loss of achievement within a country caused by gender inequality.

According to the report, discrimination and under-representation of women in health, education, politics, work and other parts of life has repercussions for the development of their capabilities and their freedom of choice. Four of these aspects form the index which puts them in a globally measurable and comparable form reproductive health is measured by the maternal mortality ratio and adolescent birth rates; female empowerment is measured by proportion of parliamentary seats occupied by females; education is expressed by the proportion of adult females and males aged 25 years and older with at least some secondary education; the economic status is included as labour market participation and measured by labour force participation rate of female and male populations aged 15 years and older. …

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