Magazine article American Libraries

A Brief History of ALA

Magazine article American Libraries

A Brief History of ALA

Article excerpt

1876 The American Library Association founded in Philadelphia.

1892 The ALA Council is first established by a revision of the ALA Constitution. The Council consists of 10 members who are elected by the membership and given authority for the creation of policy and new sections.

1905 Booklist is first published.

1906 The first ALA office is established in Boston at 34 Newbury Street. It closes at the end of the following year.

1907 Bulletin of the American Library Association, now known as American Libraries, is first published.

1911 Theresa West Elmendorf, ALA's first female president, is elected--nine years before women can vote in US elections.

1918 ALA opens a library in Paris for American military personnel. This library is later established as the American Library in Paris in 1920.

1919 The Executive Board becomes the governing board of ALA.

1922 The Story of Mankind by Hendrik Willem van Loon, is awarded the first Newbery Medal.

1938 Animals of the Bible, A Picture Book, illustrated by Dorothy P. Lathrop, is selected as the first Caldecott Medal winner.

1939 ALA Library Bill of Rights and Code of Ethics is adopted.

1944 The formation of ALA's Division of Public Libraries, now called the Public Library Association, is approved by ALA Council, following petitions signed by nearly 1,200 members.

1945 ALA's Washington Office opens to represent libraries on Capitol Hill.

1951 The new Standards for Accreditation is approved by ALA Council, stating that the professional program should encompass a minimum of five years of study beyond secondary school and should lead to a master's degree. …

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