Magazine article Nutrition Health Review

Age-Related Cognitive Decline: Women Are More Resilient Than Men, Study Says

Magazine article Nutrition Health Review

Age-Related Cognitive Decline: Women Are More Resilient Than Men, Study Says

Article excerpt

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Previous research has shown that aging affects cognitive ability and that subtle sex differences in cognition exist across the lifespan. A recent observational study by Dr. Anna C. McCarrey and colleagues in NIA's Intramural Research Program showed that cognitive ability in some, but not all, domains declines at a steeper rate for men than for women.

NIA researchers followed participants in the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging up to nine years on average. Participants ranged in age from 50 to 96 years and were free of cognitive impairment throughout the course of the study. Participants periodically took memory and other cognitive tests that assessed mental status, visuospatial ability, verbal learning and memory, perceptuomotor speed and integration, and other cognitive skills.

Initially, men outperformed women on the two tests of visuospatial ability, and women did better than men on several other cognitive tests. Men showed overall steeper rates of cognitive decline in areas of mental status, perceptuomotor speed and integration, and visuospatial ability. …

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