Magazine article Curriculum Review

November Is American Diabetes Month

Magazine article Curriculum Review

November Is American Diabetes Month

Article excerpt

In honor of American Diabetes Month, we want to profile some important information from the American Diabetes Association for school staff to know. This year, the month's theme is Eat Well, America!

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, and was previously known as juvenile diabetes. Only 5 percent of people with diabetes have this form of the disease, according to the American Diabetes Association. In type 1 diabetes, the body does not produce insulin. The body breaks down the sugars and starches that are eaten into a simple sugar called glucose, which it uses for energy. Insulin is a hormone that the body needs to get glucose from the bloodstream into the cells of the body. With the help of insulin therapy and other treatments, even young children can learn to manage their condition and live long, healthy lives.

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. In type 2 diabetes, the body does not use insulin properly. This is called insulin resistance. At first, the pancreas makes extra insulin to make up for it. But over time, the pancreas isn't able to keep up and can't make enough insulin to keep the blood glucose levels normal. Type 2 is treated with lifestyle changes, oral medications (pills), and insulin. When glucose builds up in the blood instead of going into cells, it can cause two problems:


1. Right away, the cells may be starved for energy.

2. Over time, high blood glucose levels may hurt the eyes, kidneys, nerves or heart.

For more information on helping a child with diabetes in school, visit the American Diabetes Association website's FAQ section: http://www. …

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