Magazine article UN Chronicle

Racial Discrimination Committee Reviews Reports on 26 Nations

Magazine article UN Chronicle

Racial Discrimination Committee Reviews Reports on 26 Nations

Article excerpt

Racial Discrimination Committee reviews reports on 26 nations

Actions taken by 26 countries toeliminate racial discrimination were reviewed by the 18-member Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination at its thirty-fourth session (Geneva, 2-20 March).

The reports examined were from:Argentina, Brazil, Byelorussian SSR, Cameroon, Canada, Costa Rica, Czechoslovakia, Democratic Kampuchea, Ethiopia, German Democratic Republic, Holy See, Hungary, India, Israel, Republic of Korea, Luxembourg, Mauritius, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Pakistan, Panama, Sudan, Trinidad and Tobago, United Kingdom and USSR.

Established in 1969, the Committeemonitors implementation of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination. The instrument was adopted by the General Assembly in 1965 and entered into force on 4 January 1969. To date, 124 States have ratified or acceded to it. The Committee, which reports to the General Assembly, meets twice yearly to review reports of States parties.

In an agreed statement to be includedin its report, the Committee recalled its view that the occupation of the territories of a Member State party to the Convention constituted "a grave breach of the Convention', if its organs were prevented from fulfilling obligations under the Convention and demographic changes were imposed. The text stated that "some members of the Committee therefore expressed hope that the territorial integrity of Kampuchea would be re-established and that it shall be enabled to comply with international obligations under the Convention'.

The Committee also agreed on arrangementsregarding its role in activities envisaged for the last four-year period of the Second Decade to Combat Racial Discrimination, which will end in 1993. Endorsing plans for regional workshops to discuss experience in the functioning of national institutions concerned with efforts to combat racism, it expressed the hope that it would be closely associated with the conduct of the proposed regional workshops.

The Committee decided to explorethe possibility of organizing its own seminar to review, among other questions, the experience gained since 1970 in the implementation of the Convention. …

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