Magazine article Geographical

Late, Great Geographers

Magazine article Geographical

Late, Great Geographers

Article excerpt

Sir William Edward Parry (1790 to 1855)

Who was he? Well, he did a lot of exploring but most people remember him for his fourth and last major expedition in 1827 to the Arctic, an extremely hazardous journey which he made travelling in wooden boats and crossing the ice with sledges.

Did he make it to the North Pole? No, but his party reached the latitude of 82 45' which was the farthest north anybody had been at the time. It was another 50 years before Markham and Parr broke Parry's record.

When did he start travelling? He joined the navy at the age of 13 and was on three expeditions to Canada between 1818 and 1825, where he explored the arctic regions of the north. On the second voyage he reached Melville Island, a northerly point that had still not been passed, even with the aid of steam, 75 years later. He received a 5,000 [pounds sterling] prize from the Board of Longitude for being in charge of the first vessel to cross the 110th meridian. …

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