Magazine article Clinical Psychiatry News

Maternal Obesity Plus Diabetes Lead to Psychiatric Disorders in Offspring

Magazine article Clinical Psychiatry News

Maternal Obesity Plus Diabetes Lead to Psychiatric Disorders in Offspring

Article excerpt

FROM PEDIATRICS

WOMEN WHO WERE obese and had diabetes before becoming pregnant were sixfold more likely to have children with psychiatric and neurodevelopmental disorders by age 11 years, compared with women with normal body mass indexes, based on results of a large, prospective, population-based, cohort study published in Pediatrics.

The risks to offspring whose mothers were obese and had pregestational diabetes mellitus (PGDM) were far greater than the risks seen when mothers had either condition alone or had gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in the study, reported Linghua Kong of the Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, and colleagues. The study is based on data from various national registries in Finland regarding 649,043 live births during 2004-2014 and data regarding psychiatric diagnoses from the Finnish Care Registers for Health Care.

Of the children in the cohort, 7.67% had mothers who were obese and 3.66% had mothers who were severely obese based on standard World Health Organization criteria; mothers had PGDM in 0.62% of the births and GDM in 15.7% of the births.

Overall, 5.4% of the children were diagnosed with a psychiatric disorder by age 11 years.

Compared with children born to mothers of normal weight (BMI less than 25 kg/m2), those born to mothers with severe maternal obesity alone (BMI greater than 35) had higher rates of developmental disorders or speech, language, motor, and scholastic skills (hazard ratio, 1.69; 95% confidence interval 1. …

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