Magazine article Clinical Psychiatry News

Think Local When Assessing Adolescent Heroin Use

Magazine article Clinical Psychiatry News

Think Local When Assessing Adolescent Heroin Use

Article excerpt

REPORTING FROM CPDD 2018

SAN DIEGO -- Between 1999 and 2015, heroin use increased among high school students who live in Chicago, Milwaukee, and New York--trends that accompanied a rise in injection drug use in those cities.

"This implies that a subset of these students who are using heroin are probably injecting heroin as well; otherwise these trends wouldn't be mirroring each other so well," lead study author Sherri-Chanelle Brighthaupt said in an interview at the annual meeting of the College on Problems of Drug Dependence.

The finding comes from a trend analysis of heroin use and injection drug use in nine urban U.S. school districts drawn from Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) data for 1999-2015. The analysis was conducted using data from New York City, three Florida counties (Broward, Orange, and Miami-Dade), Dallas, Chicago, Milwaukee, and two California cities (San Diego and San Bernardino). "This is one of the first studies we know of that's looking at adolescent heroin and injection drug use at the local level," said Ms. Brighthaupt, a third-year doctoral student in the department of mental health at Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore. "National estimates may mask variation at the local level."

The sample population studied included local-level YRBS responses from 260,952 students in grades 9-12. All responses were weighted by sex, grade, and race /ethnicity, and the researchers used logistic regression models to test for liner and quadratic trends in the pooled sample and in each city. …

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