Magazine article Conscience

Reports Worth Reading

Magazine article Conscience

Reports Worth Reading

Article excerpt

Estimating Abortion Incidence Among Adolescents and Differences In Postabortion Care by Age: A Cross-Sectional Study of Postabortion Care Patients in Uganda Elizabeth A. Sully, et al.; Contraception, September 2018

Researchers at the Guttmacher Institute in the United States and at Makerere University in Uganda have collaborated to study, for the first time, abortion rates and abortion-related complications among Ugandan adolescents aged 15-19. Offering insights into the link between social factors like marriage status and the severity of complications resulting from post-abortion care, and the differences in the experiences of adolescent and nonadolescent post-abortion care patients, the report provides strong support for further study that recognizes the heterogeneity of the adolescent age group with respect to reproductive healthcare outcomes. Their findings further emphasize the importance of providing adolescents with accurate, comprehensive sexuality education and sexual and reproductive health services "tailored to [their] unique needs." In 2013, 53 percent of the 386,000 documented adolescent pregnancies in Uganda were unintended, and unsafe abortion accounts for more than 10 percent of maternal deaths in Uganda.

Sexual Behavior and Contraceptive and Condom Use Among U.S. High School Students, 2013-2017 Elizabeth Witwer, Rachel Jones & Laura Lindberg; Guttmacher Institute, September 2018

Utilizing data from the 2013, 2015 and 2017 iterations of the Youth Risk Behavior Survey conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, this report on sexual activity and contraceptive use among US high-school students shows that, while the adolescent (15-19 years of age) pregnancy rate has been declining over the past several decades due to improvements in contraceptive use and the decline in the number of such individuals engaging in sexual intercourse, the rate of STIS like chlamydia, gonorrhea and syphilis in this group has been on the rise. The authors draw attention to the public-health concerns implicated by increasing reliance on long-acting reversible contraceptive methods and correlated decrease in condom usage, again emphasizing the importance of comprehensive sexuality education and access to a full range of contraception for young people regardless of sexual identity or behavior. This study also details the prevalence of sexual violence among high-school students, and argues that a greater focus on sexual-consent education is necessary to promote healthy sexual relationships for these students.

Understandings of Self-managed Abortion as Health Inequity, Harm Reduction and Social Change Joanna N. Erdman, Kinga Jelinska & Susan Yanow; Reproductive Health Matters, September2018

Beginning with a discussion of unsafe abortion as a health inequity present on both an international and intranational level, this report discusses the practice of self-managed abortion (SMA) and its relationship to safe abortion through three lenses: (1) SMA as health inequity; (2) SMA as harm reduction; and (3) SMA as social change, implicating both human rights and collective activism. …

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