Magazine article UN Chronicle

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Magazine article UN Chronicle

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Article excerpt

Stalemate in Peace Process

The Council on 13 October extended the mandate of the United Nations Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUC) until 15 December 2000. Noting in his latest report the stalemate in the peace process, Secretary-General Kofi Annan on 22 September said there was "little progress, if any," in the implementation of the Lusaka Ceasefire Agreement, and that it had been "consistently violated" in the intensified fighting between government and rebel forces in northern Equateur province. The hostilities had not only imperilled the peace process, Mr. Annan said, but had also spilled over into the Republic of the Congo and the Central African Republic. In addition, the Government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) questioned the validity of the Lusaka Agreement. Lack of any progress in the peace process would make it "difficult to justify" the continuation of the Mission's presence in the DRC. "It is clear that UN peacekeeping operations cannot serve as a substitute for the political will to ach ieve a political settlement," he said.

Expressing its deep concern at the continuation of hostilities in the DRC, the Security Council on 7 September called for "the accelerated withdrawal" of Ugandan and Rwandan forces and all other foreign contingents from the country. …

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