Magazine article New York Times Upfront

Should the U.S. Pay for Slavery?

Magazine article New York Times Upfront

Should the U.S. Pay for Slavery?

Article excerpt

Some say society should compensate blacks financially

YES

In the 246 years of slavery on this continent, blacks endured unimaginable cruelties: kidnapping, ownership as livestock, deaths during terror-filled sea voyages, backbreaking toil, beatings, rapes, castrations, maimings, murders. They worked long, hard, killing days, years, centuries--and they were never paid. The value of their labor went into other pockets --plantation owners, entrepreneurs, and government.

Federal and state governments were active participants not only in slavery, but also in the dehumanization of blacks that continued legally till the passage of key civil rights laws in the 1960s.

There is a debt here.

The law says that when a party unlawfully enriches himself by wrongful acts against another, the wronged party is entitled to be paid back. There have been some 15 cases in which courts, including the International Court at The Hague, Netherlands, have awarded reparations. But the claims of African Americans have been ignored--even though black calls for reparations began almost the moment slavery ended in 1865.

Payments by the federal government to African Americans can never right the wrongs of slavery, or fully redress the economic disparities it created. But justice demands that we try.

--RANDALL ROBINSON President, TransAfrica, a nonprofit group that studies U.S. relations with Africa and the Caribbean

NO

The social and economic disadvantage of African Americans, a legacy of slavery, has brought a new demand: reparations, a money settlement to compensate blacks for the injury done them in slavery. …

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