Magazine article UN Chronicle

The Crisis Unfolds

Magazine article UN Chronicle

The Crisis Unfolds

Article excerpt

1 APRIL: Reports of armed incursions and clashes between

SWAPO and local police in northern Namibia

are received. An investigative team is dispatched to

the area. 2 APRIL: South Africa informs Secretary-General of

SWAPO border crossings into northern Namibia. A

grave situation has arisen there as a result of

"continued and escalating violation" by SWAPO of

the tripartite agreements signed in December 1988, it


"One cannot help feeling compassion for such

unnecessary carnage of SWAPO elements who could have re-entered Namibia quite

legally to participate peacefully in the political process, according to the

agreed procedures of which they had obviously not been informed", says

Foreign Minister R.F. Botha, in his letter to the Secretary-General


SWAPO, in a press statement from Zimbabwe, states that its members have

been strictly ordered to observe the cease-fire and have only responded in

self-defence when attacked inside Namibia by South African soldiers. 3 APRIL: Security Council President Aleksandr M.

Belonogov of the Soviet Union, after Council

members review the Secretary-General's report on the

situation, says that full co-operation of the parties with the

Secretary-General and his Special Representative is needed, as is scrupulous

respect for the agreements relating to the settlement plan. 4 APRIL: The African Group of UN member countries

asks the Secretary-General to ensure that South African troops are confined

to base. The Organization of African Unity (OAU) calls for full deployment of

the military component of UNTAG immediately to ensure strict adherence to the


Under-Secretary-General for Special Political Affairs Marrack Goulding

arrives in Luanda to discuss with African leaders and SWAPO representatives

ideas proposed by the Secretary-General to restore the cease-fire.

Mr. Ahtisaari meets in northern Namibia with representatives of the Council

of Churches, various communities in northern Namibia, South African Defence

Forces and others.

South Africa, in a second letter to the SecretaryGeneral SI20565), states

that unless active and effective measures are taken to stem the rapid

deterioration of the situation, the whole peace process in Namibia "is in danger of collapse". …

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