Magazine article UN Chronicle

Kampuchean Peace Settlement 'On Horizon' Secretary-General Reports

Magazine article UN Chronicle

Kampuchean Peace Settlement 'On Horizon' Secretary-General Reports

Article excerpt

He made his remarks on the eve of the second jakarta Informal Meeting (JIM), held in the Indonesian capital (19-21 February) and involving all major parties-the four Kampuchean parties, the ASEAN countries, Viet Nam, and the Lao People's Democratic Republic.

The Kampuchean parties are: the National United Front for an Independent, Neutral, Peaceful and Cooperative Cambodia (FUNCINPEC), headed by Prince Sihanouk; the Khmer People's National Liberation Front (KPNLF), led by Son Sann; the Party of Democratic Kampuchea (PDK), led by Khieu Samphan; as well as the authorities in Phnom Penh. ASEAN members are: Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand.

In a consensus statement provided to the Secretary-General (A/44/138-S/20477), participants concurred that a cease-fire would take effect on the date of entry into force of an agreement on the solution of the Kampuchea question. Immediately afterwards, all Vietnamese troops, military advisers and personnel, armaments and other materials would be withdrawn by a target date of 30 September 1989.

The withdrawal would be overseen by an international control mechanism", which would monitor, supervise and verify the withdrawal process, as well as the prevention of resumption of armed hostilities and the conduct of general elections, which should be held "in a free and democratic fashion".

Participants also agreed that an international conference should be convened to obtain guarantees of full compliance with all agreements reached; international endorsement of the declared status of Kampuchea as a sovereign, independent, peaceful, neutral and non-aligned State within its territorial integrity; the adoption and initiation of an international programme of economic reconstruction and development for Kampuchea and other regional countries; and necessary funding for the implementation of the Kampuchean peace process.

JIM participants, in the consensus statement, also stipulated that measures should be taken to "prevent the recurrence of genocidal policies and practices of the Pol Pot regime and the resumption of armed hostilities", and to stop all foreign interference and external arms supplies to opposing Kampuchean forces.

Synchronized timetables would be established for troop withdrawals and for cessation of all foreign interference and external arms supplies to all Kampuchean parties.

Participants welcomed the talks between the four Kampuchean parties to settle the problem's internal aspects, noting the disagreement which still existed with regard to an interim quadripartite authority of national reconciliation under the leadership of Prince Norodom Sihanouk.

All shared the view that a comprehensive political solution would accelerate the realization of a zone of peace, freedom and neutrality in South-East Asia.

The first jakarta Informal Meeting took place from 25 to 28 July. Both sessions were conducted in accordance with the Ho Chi Minh City Understanding of 29 July 1987.

However, the Coalition Government of Democratic Kampuchea said it could not associate itself with the consensus statement, recording a number of reservations on it.

China, Soviet

statement

Following talks in Beijing, the Foreign Ministers of China and the Soviet Union on 5 February issued a statement affirming support for a fair and reasonable political settlement of the Kampuchean question at the earliest. Both favoured complete withdrawal of Vietnamese troops and gradual total elimination of military aid to any Kampuchean party. …

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