Paying the Price of Future Health Care Benefits
Can we afford the future? That was the question asked by health care benefits experts recently in an atmosphere of wariness and concern at the Association of Private Pension and Welfare Plans 22nd Annual Meeting in Washington, DC.
"The health care system in the United States is wasteful and doesn't fulfill the needs of its citizens right now," said Walter B. Maher, employee benefits director for the Chrysler Corporation. "Health care bill payers, especially businesses, for the better part of the 1980s have been trying to manage escalating expenses. There have been some modest successes, but there has also been a gradual attrition of our competitiveness." He added that America is taxing and spending itself into a second-class status by "throwing away money on health care."
According to Mr. Maher, the United States spends 41 percent more than Canada, per capita, on health care--more than any other country. However, medical inflation has outstripped the Consumer Price Index during 28 of the last 30 years, and the gap is widening. "If trends continue," Mr. Maher said, "health care costs will triple by the turn of the century."
Despite massive expenditures, Mr. Maher maintained that America "isn't healthier as a nation." The country ranks 16th in life expectancy and 17th in infant mortality.
Mr. Maher blames much of the surge in health care costs on unnecessary medical care and costly technological advances. "The marketing of medicine in the United States is truly unique," he said. "We pander to the worried well in this country." As an example, Mr. Maher cited statistics for cataract operations. In 1978, 350,000 cataract operations were performed, and by 1987, the figure had leaped to approximately 1,400,000.
"Even though we are paying too much and wasting money, we attribute that to `medical inflation,'" he said. "If this was a government phenomena, we'd be up in arms about the waste."
Speaking from a congressional viewpoint, Rep. Rod Chandler (RWA) encouraged attendees to "get up in arms" and lobby legislators on important health care issues. "I can't emphasize enough how desperately we need your help," he said. "Congress is not hearing you. They tend, as a group, to be more analytical and wait for problems to be brought to them." Rep. Chandler warned that Washington is filled with "do gooders" ready to raid what benefits managers have built over the years. "I'm beginning to get real shrill on this, but you have to actively participate," he said. …