Magazine article The World and I

America's Role - Chronology of the Israeli-Arab Conflict

Magazine article The World and I

America's Role - Chronology of the Israeli-Arab Conflict

Article excerpt

1897--The First Zionist Congress convenes in Switzerland and issues Basel Program to settle Palestine.

1917--Balfour Declaration: Britain pledges support for the establishment of a Jewish national home in Palestine.

1919--First Arab Palestine national congress meets in Jerusalem. It rejects the Balfour Declaration and demands independence for Palestine.

1920--Britain is given the mandate over Palestine by the League of Nations.

1937--British Royal (Peel) Commission report recommends partition of Palestine into Jewish and Arab states.

1939--Britain issues a white paper restricting Jewish immigration to Palestine and land purchases.

May 14, 1948--Britain terminates the mandate, and the State of Israel is proclaimed.

1948--First Arab-Israeli war. 750,000 Palestinians become refugees.

1956--Israel, France, and Britain attack Egypt (the Suez War).

1964--The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) is established.

1967--The Six-Day War.

1970--Civil war in Jordan (Black September).

1973--Yom Kippur War. Oil embargo against West.

1977--Menachem Begin is elected prime minister of Israel. President Anwar Sadat of Egypt travels to Jerusalem to open talks.

1978--Egypt and Israel sign the Camp David Accords.

1987--The Palestinian intifada (uprising) erupts in the West Bank and Gaza. …

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