Magazine article The Exceptional Parent

The 11th Annual Report to Congress of the Education of the Handicapped Act

Magazine article The Exceptional Parent

The 11th Annual Report to Congress of the Education of the Handicapped Act

Article excerpt

THE 11TH ANNUAL REPORT TO CONGRESS OF THE EDUCATION OF THE HANDICAPPED ACT

These excerpts have been taken from the executive summary of 11th Annual Report to Congress on the Implementation of the Handicapped Act, "To assure the free appropriate public education of all handicapped children," prepared by the Division of Innovation and Development, Office of Special Education Programs, 1989, U.S. Department of Education.

The Eleventh Annual Report to Congress... provides a detailed description of the activities undertaken to implement the Education of the Handicapped Act and an assessment of the impact and effectiveness of its requirements...

STUDENTS RECEIVING A FREE APPROPRIATE PUBLIC EDUCATION

* During the 1987-88 school year, 4,494,280 children with handicaps between the ages of 0 and 21 were served...an increase of 1.6 percent over the number served in 1986-87.

* Most (87 percent) of the children served...were between the ages of 6 and 17. Nearly 337,000 three through five year old children received services under one of these laws.

* Students with handicaps aged 6 through 21 were most frequently classified as learning disabled (47.0 percent), speech impaired (23.2 percent), mentally retarded (14.6 percent), and emotionally disturbed (9.1 percent). The number of learning disabled students increased...2 percent [over 1986-87]. The number of mentally retarded students decreased...3 percent.

STATE VARIATION IN THE PLACEMENT OF CHILDREN WITH HANDICAPS

* Nationally, the number of children...placed in separate facilities serving only the handicapped has been relatively stable over the [past] 10 years... During the 1986-87 school year, nearly 210,000 students,... 6 percent of all students with handicaps, were educated in programs outside the regular school building in segregated schools.

* State-to-State variation in the use of segregated placements is quite high... The average State places nearly six times as many students in separate school settings as do the five States...that place the fewest students in separate school facilities...

MEETING THE NEEDS OF INFANTS, TODDLERS, AND PRESCHOOL CHILDREN WITH HANDICAPS

* All States elected to continue their participation in the Handicapped Infants and Toddlers Program... In their applications...States described the need to prioritize and undertake policy and program planning efforts associated with the 14 mandatory program components.

* ...For 1988, all States continued their participation in the Preschool [ages 3 to 5] Grant Program and were awarded a basic grant of $400 for each child served. In addition, States received $2,788 for each new child they estimated they would serve in the coming year...

FOLLOWING UP SECONDARY AGE STUDENTS WITH HANDICAPS: THE TRANSITION TO FURTHER EDUCATION,

EMPLOYMENT, AND INDEPENDENT LIVING

* The majority of special education students (59 percent) graduate from high school with a diploma or certificate of completion. Students in the visually handicapped, hard of hearing or deaf categories are most likely to graduate with a diploma. Students who are classified as deaf-blind, mentally retarded, or hard of hearing or deaf are most likely to graduate with a certificate of completion.

* About 3 percent of the total exiting population of students with handicaps "age out" of the system by reaching the maximum age for which services are provided by individual States. …

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