Magazine article UN Chronicle

Signs of Progress towards Settlement of Campuchean Conflict Seen; International Conference Adopts Plan to Solve Indochinese Refugee Problem

Magazine article UN Chronicle

Signs of Progress towards Settlement of Campuchean Conflict Seen; International Conference Adopts Plan to Solve Indochinese Refugee Problem

Article excerpt

Signs of progress towards settlement of Kampuchean conflict seen

Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar on 13 June said that there were "encouraging signs of progress" towards a settlement of the Kampuchean conflict.

In a statement opening the International Conference on Indo-Chinese Refugees in Geneva, he observed that the ongoing diplomatic process on the various aspects of the problem, as well as the announcement by Viet Nam of its decision to completely withdraw its troops from Kampuchea by the end of September 1989, provided a basis for hope. He offered whatever assistance parties might require to facilitate the formulation and implementation of a solution.

The Secretary-General in June also consulted with high officials of Viet Nam, the United States, France, Indonesia and the United Kingdom. Among other things, they discussed France's decision to host in Paris in August an international conference, with all parties attending.

Viet Nam withdrawal

Viet Nam, in a 5 April Joint Declaration with the Lao People's Democratic Republic and the "People's Republic of Kampuchea" (A/44/214-S/20572), stated it would withdraw all its forces from Kampuchea by the end of September 1989, by which time foreign interference in Kampuchea's internal affairs and all foreign military aid to all Kampuchean parties must cease.

The Declaration stated that participants in two Jakarta Informal Meetings (JIMs) had reached a basic agreement on the substance of a settlement of the Kampuchean question in its international aspect. The withdrawal of Vietnamese forces from Kampuchea was closely linked with the prevention of the return of the "genocidal Pol Pot regime", the cessation of foreign interference and foreign military aid to all Kampuchean parties, the prevention of civil war, the setting up of an effective international control mechanism for implementing those provisions, and the convening of an international conference.

The International Control and Supervision Commission for the implementation of the 1954 Geneva Agreements on Cambodia--made up of India, Poland and Canada--should monitor Vietnamese withdrawal and cessation of foreign military aid to the Kampuchean parties, the Declaration stated.

A personal representative of Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar and the Chairman of the JIM could participate in that process, it was stated.

If, however, after total withdrawal, foreign countries did not completely end military aid to the Kampuchean parties, especially the "Pol Pot clique", and cease all interference, the "People's Republic of Kampuchea" would call on other countries to give assistance to the Kampucheans to defend themselves. …

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