Magazine article Joint Force Quarterly

End Game. (the Korean War from the Other Side)

Magazine article Joint Force Quarterly

End Game. (the Korean War from the Other Side)

Article excerpt

By 1951, Stalin recognized that his support for the Korean War was a disaster. The United States and its allies in Europe, galvanized by communist aggression in Asia, expanded NATO capabilities while lending sufficient support to carry on U.N. operations in Korea. For its part, China realized that prospects for a limited war and quick victory had vanished and that it lacked the means to fight a protracted conflict. Meanwhile, Dwight Eisenhower became President in 1952 determined to end the war. The new administration launched a series of diplomatic and military initiatives, including a veiled threat to use nuclear weapons, although recently released Soviet documents suggest both the Soviet Union and China were already prepared to bring the war in Korea to a close.

A top secret Soviet history entitled "On the Korean War, 1950-53, and Armistice Negotiations" reveals the following:

By the middle of 1951, the situation clearly indicated that it was in practice impossible to resolve the unification of Korea by military means. Both the Chinese and the Korean leaders equally were forced to acknowledge this. After preliminary consultations with the Chinese and Koreans, the Soviet government on time 23, 1951, put forward a proposal for settling the military conflict in Korea. "As a first step," the Soviet representative declared, "it would be necessary to begin negotiations for a cease-fire, for an armistice with a mutual withdrawal of troops from the 38th parallel. This proposal attracted universal attention....

By the beginning of May 1952, an agreement was reached on all questions, with the exception of the question regarding prisoners of war. …

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