Magazine article Clinical Psychiatry News

PTSD Symptoms Soared After: Sept. 11 Attacks. (500, 000 NYC Residents Possibly Affected)

Magazine article Clinical Psychiatry News

PTSD Symptoms Soared After: Sept. 11 Attacks. (500, 000 NYC Residents Possibly Affected)

Article excerpt

NEW YORK -- Nearly 500,000 New York City residents appear to have suffered from posttraumatic stress disorder related to the Sept. 11 attacks on the World Trade Center, and more than 1 million experienced subthresh-old symptoms, David Vlahov, Ph.D., said at a conference on the health consequences of terrorism, sponsored by the New York Academy of Medicine.

While symptoms largely remitted for most people in the following months, an estimated 90,000 still had probable posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) 6-9 months later, said Dr. Vlahov, director of the Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies at the academy Rates of apparent major depression were also elevated, he said.

Dr. Vlahov reported data from three random-digit telephone surveys. The first survey was undertaken 5-8 weeks after Sept. 11, involving 988 residents of Manhattan south of 110th Street. The second survey, of 2,001 New York City residents, occurred in January and February 2002. The third survey, of 2,752 metropolitan area residents (with a preponderance from New York City), took place in May and June 2002.

Symptoms were assessed and "probable" diagnoses determined using a modified version of the Diagnostic Interview Schedule, based on DSM-IV.

Of 1,570 New York City residents surveyed, 28.3% reported that they were "directly" affected by the attack--that is, witnessed it directly, were in fear of injury or death, had friends or relatives killed, lost possessions or jobs, or were involved in the rescue effort, Dr. Vlahov said.

The first survey found that 9.8% of respondents had symptoms compatible with probable PTSD, in most cases (7.4%) apparently related to the terrorist attack. If applied to New York City as a whole, these findings would suggest that 449,000 adults were affected.

In the third survey, the percentage of respondents with probable PTSD related to the attack had dropped to 1. …

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.