The Early 20th century.(Bibliography)

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Savages and Beasts: The Birth of the Modern Zoo by Nigel Rothfels (Johns Hopkins, 26 [pounds sterling]) shows how current zoos evolved from Carl Hagenbeck's early 20th-century animal parks.

Deforesting the Earth: From Prehistory to Global Crisis by Michael Williams (University of Chicago Press, 49 [pounds sterling]) covers the human impact on the environment from the days of the earliest hunter-gatherers to the alarming deforestation of today.

Eroding the Commons: The Politics of Ecology in Baringo Kenya 1890s-1963 by David M. Anderson (James Currey, hb 45 [pounds sterling], pb 16.95 [pounds sterling]) explores African history by covering the environment, politics and colonialism.

Other works on Africa include Pioneers of Change in Ethiopia: The Reformist Intellectuals of the Early Twentieth Century by Bahru Zewde and Potent Brews: A Social History of Alcohol in East Africa 1850-1999 by Justin Willis (both James Currey, hb 45 [pounds sterling], pb 16.95 [pounds sterling]) .

In 1890 a small North Sea island was exchanged with Zanzibar; Heligoland: The True Story of German Bight: The Island that Britain Betrayed by George Drower (Sutton Publishing, 14.99 [pounds sterling]) narrates the transfer to Germany and its strategic implications during the World Wars.

The Dawn of Universal History: Selected Essays from a Witness of the Twentieth Century by Raymond Aron (Basic Books, 23.99 [pounds sterling]) looks at the rise of European nationalism throughout both World Wars, the decline of empires and ideologies of the Right and Left.

Charting The Emergence of Mass Politics in Spain: Populist Demagoguery and Republican Culture, 1890-1910 by Jose Alvarez-Junco (Sussex Academic Press, hb 42.50 [pounds sterling], pb 15.95 [pounds sterling]), the study focuses on the leader of the radical left, Alejandro Lerroux.

Memory and Amnesia: The Role of the Spanish Civil War in the Transition to Democracy by Paloma Aguilar (Berghahn, 55 [pounds sterling]) explores the changes in Spain after France's death.

Hell with a Capital H by Katherine Lambert (Pimlico, 12.50 [pounds sterling]) charts the progress of Captain Scott's Northern Party and their struggle for survival on the 1912 Antarctic expedition.

Published in association with the Imperial War Museum, Anthem for Doomed Youth by Jon Stallworthy (Constable and Robinson, 14.99 [pounds sterling]) scrutinises the lives and work of twelve Great War poets.

The Machine Gun by Anthony Smith (Piatkus Books, 20 [pounds sterling]) describes the devastating inventions of men such as Samuel Colt and Richard Gatling.

The First World War: An Illustrated History by John Keegan (Pimlico, 20 [pounds sterling]) is a new softback abridged edition of the classic text, including a wealth of photographs and pictures, of the author's history of the Great War. …