Magazine article Clinical Psychiatry News

Obesity Onset Corresponds with Preexisting Depression. (in Adolescence)

Magazine article Clinical Psychiatry News

Obesity Onset Corresponds with Preexisting Depression. (in Adolescence)

Article excerpt

Depressed youths are twice as likely to develop obesity during adolescence as their nondepressed peers, a longitudinal analysis has shown.

In a prospective cohort study of 9,374 adolescents in grades 7-12, 8.8% of the patients fit the criteria for depressed mood at baseline. Of these, 12.4% who were not obese at baseline developed obesity by the 1-year follow up, compared with 9.4% of those who were nondepressed and nonobese at baseline--a significant difference with an odds ratio of 2.05, reported Dr. Elizabeth Goodman and Dr. Robert C. Whitaker of Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati (Pediatrics 109[3]:497-504, 2002).

The association between depression and follow-up obesity remained significant following multivariate analyses adjusting for age, race, gender, parental obesity, number of parents in the home, and family socioeconomic status, as well as psychological and behavioral covariates, including cigarette smoking, self-esteem, delinquent behavior, and physical activity.

Linear regression analyses also showed increases in age-adjusted body mass index among the 9% of depressed adolescents who were obese at baseline. …

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