Magazine article Arms Control Today

Fifty-One Years of Nuclear Testing: The Final Tally?

Magazine article Arms Control Today

Fifty-One Years of Nuclear Testing: The Final Tally?

Article excerpt

July 16,1996 marked the 51st anniversary of the Trinity nuclear test which began the nuclear age. In that time there has been a total of 2,046 known nuclear tests by six countries. Two additional nuclear weapons were detonated over Japan in World War II.

The United States (1,030 tests, 51 percent of all tests) first tested on July 16, 1945. It has not tested since September 23,1992. On January 30, 1995, National Security Adviser Anthony Lake announced that, assuming a comprehensive test ban (CTB) is signed before September 30,1996, the United States would continue its current moratorium on testing until a CTB enters into force. USSR/Russia (715 tests, 35 percent of all tests) first tested on August 29,1949. Russia has not tested since becoming the nuclear successor state to the former Soviet Union (which conducted its last test on October 24,1990). Moscow continues to support a CTB and has indicated it will continue its moratorium as long as the United States does. …

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