Magazine article Diverse Issues in Higher Education
Civil Rights Panel: Duplication Threatens Black Colleges
Several states still not compliant with Title VI provisions
Predominately White institutions (PWIs) are duplicating programs offered at historically Black colleges and universities, costing the HBCUs money and making it more difficult for them to fulfill their mission of educating disadvantaged minorities, higher education officials told the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights last month.
Panelists at a meeting on the effectiveness of HBCUs in a postsegregation era told the commission, which is charged with monitoring and protecting civil rights, that higher education desegregation and antiduplication requirements were not being enforced.
"Historically Black colleges are the only group of institutions in this country whose right to exist is questioned daily by members of the public; that is a serious problem," Jamie P. Merisotis, president of the Institute for Higher Education Policy, told the Commission. "Nobody questions the right of the University of California or community colleges to exist."
And given the decline in available public resources, and HBCUs' extensive work with high numbers of underprepared students, these schools are forced to fight a battle for their existence "with one hand tied behind their back," Merisotis said.
Raymond C. Pierce, dean of the North Carolina Central University School of Law, said the "greatest threat" facing HBCUs is the illegal duplication of existing HBCU programs by nearby predominately White institutions. The duplication leaves HBCU programs largely underfunded, he said, and possibly violates the equal protection provisions of Title VI of the 1964 Civil Rights Act.
Pierce said the U.S. Department of Education may have to be forced through litigation to enforce civil rights laws as it was in the 1970s. A series of federal court orders resulting from lawsuits, known as the Adams cases, mandated that the agency's civil rights unit enforce Tide VI among the many noncompliant states. Though to this day, Florida, Kentucky, Maryland, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Texas and Virginia still have unresolved Title VI violations going back decades, Pierce said.
Without some type of intervention, Morgan State University President Earl S. Richardson said HBCUs will invariably be shortchanged if the PWIs in their geographic areas are allowed to set up duplicate academic programs. …