Magazine article American Cinematographer

ACADEMY AWARDS for Scientific or Technical Achievement

Magazine article American Cinematographer

ACADEMY AWARDS for Scientific or Technical Achievement

Article excerpt

Awards for scientific or technical achievement for the 55th Annual Academy Awards were presented March 27 in a special ceremony. The 11 awards were voted by the Academy Board of Governors based on the recommendations made by the Scientific or Technical Awards Committee chaired by Joseph Westheimer, ASC.

In addition to the Academy Award of Merit (Academy statuette) to August Arnold and Erich Kaestner of Arnold & Richter, GmbH, the Gordon E. Sawyer Award (Academy statuette) will be presented to John O. Aalberg for "outstanding contributions toward the advancement of the science or technology of the motion picture." This marks the second time this award, established in 1980, has been bestowed by the Academy.

Scientific or Technical Achievement Awards may be given for devices, methods, formulas, discoveries or inventions of special and outstanding value to the arts and sciences of motion pictures and employed in the motion picture industry during the awards year.

Awards may be granted in any of three classifications: Academy Award of Merit (statuette), for basic achievements which have a definite influence upon the advancement of the industry; Scientific and Engineering Award (Academy plaque), for those achievements which exhibit a high level of engineering and are important to the progress of the industry; and Technical Achievement Award (Academy certificate), for those accomplishments which are valuable contributions to the progress of the industry.

Academy Award of Merit (Statuette)

To August Arnold and Erich Kaestner of Arnold & Richter, GmbH, for the concept and engineering of the first operational 35mm, hand-held, spinning-mirror reflex, motion picture camera. In 1966 the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences presented an award for the Arriflex 35mm camera. Integral to the design of the Arri Model 2C was the spinning-mirror reflex shutter. That principle is now an essential for the manufacture of all professional motion picture cameras. It provides the cinematographer with the opportunity to eliminate parallax and to be assured of accuracy in composition. The innovative engineering of the Arriflex camera has had a definite influence on the advancement of motion picture photography and recognition is hereby made of that contribution to the industry.

Scientific and Engineering Award (Academy Plaque)

To Colin F. Mossman and the Research and Development Group of Rank Film Laboratories, London, for the engineering and implementation of a 4,000 meter printing system for motion picture laboratories. The Rank 4,000 meter laboratory system provides a method for printing a complete feature-length motion picture negative in a single roll. The operation of the system includes negative cleaning, printing, processing and inspection. All of these functions are performed by computerized controls designed specifically for the system. Combined, these achievements represent a new approach to the efficient production of high quality release prints.

To Sante ZeIIi and Salvatore ZeIIi of Elemack ltalia S.r.l., Rome, Italy, for the continuing engineering, design and development that has resulted in the Elemack Camera Dolly Systems for motion picture production. The "Cricket Dolly" is the newest in the Elemack series. It features a significantly improved hydraulic lift system, including a variable speed, electrohydraulic drive.

To Leonard Chapman for the engineering design, development and manufacture of the PeeWee Camera Dolly for motion picture production. The PeeWee Camera Dolly is an extremely compact and portable system that permits camera movement in unusually confined areas. …

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