Magazine article ASEE Prism

From the Red to the Dead

Magazine article ASEE Prism

From the Red to the Dead

Article excerpt

ISRAEL-Few Middle East problems lend themselves to engineering solutions. But visionaries believe one particular project could help alleviate two problems at once.

Here's the idea: Build a canal that can carry more than 500 billion gallons of water a year from the Gulf of Aqaba on the Red Sea toward the Dead Sea (pictured), which straddles the Jordan-Israel border. Since the Dead Sea is the lowest point on Earth, the water will plunge downward some 1,500 feet, generating pressure for desalination. In this process, the seawater will press against tubes packed with filters. Water molecules will seep through the filters, but the salt will not. Additional energy will need to be generated from a small electric plant to complete the process, but not as much as would be required without the waterfall.

Most of the desalinated water will be pumped to Jordan, with 5 to 10 percent going to the Palestinians. …

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