Magazine article Global Finance

DRs Moving from Strength to Strength

Magazine article Global Finance

DRs Moving from Strength to Strength

Article excerpt

Records galore toppled in the depositary receipt market in 2007, and DR liquidity, prices and capital raising likely will continue to be strong in 2008, as growth continues in the big emerging market economies of Brazil, Russia, India and China, known as the BRIC countries. These four countries generated 58% of new entrants to the DR market last year, according to a report by JPMorgan.

The value of trading in DRs of all types nearly doubled in the first 11 months of 2007 from the same period a year earlier to a record $3.1 trillion, according to the bank's 2007 year-in-review report issued in mid-December. The volume of DR trading rose 55% to 85 billion shares. Capital raised in the form of DRs rose to a record $53.2 billion from January through November 2007.

Meanwhile, Brazil and Mexico are emerging as new regional centers for trading of depositary receipts issued by companies in neighboring countries. Russia and Japan also are working to build markets in so-called "local DRs."

"These local DRs are structured to tap emerging equity investors such as local pension and investment funds, as well as to provide locally denominated investment vehicles in markets where liquidity is increasing, such as Brazil and Russia," says Claudine Gallagher, global head of JPMorgan's depositary receipts group.

"In 2007 we started to see increasing interest in local DRs in several markets," Gallagher says. Argentinabased Banco Patagonia, for one, issued shares in Brazil as BDRs (Brazilian depositary receipts) as part of a three-part offering last July that also included American depositary shares and a concurrent offering in Argentina.

In April 2007 the Singapore Stock Exchange listed its first DR by a company based in India, Uttam Galva Steels. Last year also saw the rise of new markets such as Pakistan. After an absence of more than a decade in the international capital market, Pakistan launched two programs on the London Stock Exchange in the fourth quarter of 2006 and another in the fourth quarter of 2007. …

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