Job Satisfaction of University Teachers: An Empirical Study

Article excerpt

Teachers are the pillars of the society, who help students to grow to shoulder the responsibility of taking their nation ahead of others. They desire security, recognition, new experience and independence. When these needs are not fulfilled they become tense. Dissatisfaction among workers is undesirable and dangerous in any profession; it is suicidal if it occurs in teaching profession. If factors responsible for dissatisfaction can be differentiated, attempts can be made either to change those conditions or to reduce their intensity so as to increase the holding power of the profession. This study attempts to find out which facet or dimension affects the job satisfaction of university teachers the most. The present study takes into account intrinsic and extrinsic factors to find out the level of job satisfaction and to see the effect of age, gender, marital status, education, occupation level and length of employment on the job satisfaction of academicians. This paper aims at identifying the facets affecting the job satisfaction of a teacher order of importance and accordingly suggests strategic action for creating and maintaining their job satisfaction.

INTRODUCTION

Job is not only a main source of income but also an important component of life. Work takes away a large part of each worker's day and also contributes to ones social standing. Because of work's central role in many peoples' life, satisfaction with one's job is an important component in overall well being (Smith, 2007). Hence, the big question is-are you satisfied with the job? Employee satisfaction is supremely important in an organization because it is what productivity depends on (Wagner & Gooding 1987; Wright & Crapanzano 1997). If your employees are satisfied they would produce superior quality performance in optimal time and lead to growing profits. Satisfied employees are also more likely to be creative and innovative and come up with breakthroughs that allow an institution to grow and change positively with time and changing market conditions.

Improving educational performance ranks high on the national agenda, with educators and policymakers focusing on testing, accountability, curriculum reform, teacher quality, school choice, and related concerns. A high quality teaching staff is the cornerstone of a successful system. Attracting and retaining high quality teacher is thus a primary requirement for an educational institution (Sharma and Jyoti, 2006). For the development of quality teachers one has to understand factors associated with it. Job satisfaction is one of those important factors. Teachers' job satisfaction is a multifaceted phenomenon (Sharma and Jyoti, 2006, Srivastava,Holani & Bajpai, 2005 ) that is critical to turnover (Hom & Griffeth, 1995), commitment (Mathieu & Zajac, 1990), and school effectiveness. Researchers, policymakers, and education leaders agree that teacher satisfaction is a vital factor that affects student achievement. Teachers' job satisfaction is one of the key factors in institutional dynamics and is generally considered to be primary dependent variable in terms of which effectiveness of an organisation's human resource is evaluated. Thus, the understanding of factors affecting teachers' satisfaction at the workplace is of paramount importance for a successful educational system.

FACTORS AFFECTING TEACHER SATISFACTION

The factors that are associated with teachers' job satisfaction are intrinsic, extrinsic and demographic factors.

Intrinsic Factors

Intrinsic satisfaction to the teachers can come from classroom activities. Daily interactions with students inform teachers' feelings about whether or not students have learned something as a result of their teaching. Student characteristics and perceptions of teacher control over the classroom environment also are intrinsic factors affecting teacher satisfaction (Lee, Dedrick and Smith, 1991). Several studies have found that these factors are related to both attrition and satisfaction in teaching as well as other professions. …

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